Bug Bounty Guide | Tools and Resource

What is Bug Bounty?

A bug bounty is a program offered by organizations, typically websites, software developers, and technology companies, to incentivize ethical hackers and security researchers to identify and report security vulnerabilities or bugs in their systems or products.

These programs are designed to encourage responsible disclosure of security issues, and typically offer rewards or bounties to individuals who identify and report such issues. Rewards may range from monetary compensation to recognition, swag or even a job offer.

Bug bounties are a way for organizations to crowdsource security testing, identify and address security vulnerabilities in their systems and products, and ultimately enhance the security of their technology. Additionally, bug bounty programs provide a way for security researchers to earn money while helping to improve the security of online systems and applications.

How to Start Bug Bounty?

1. Learn the basics: Familiarize yourself with the fundamentals of web application security and the common vulnerabilities that exist. Some good resources for learning include the OWASP Top 10, web application security blogs, and online courses or tutorials.

2. Choose a bug bounty platform: There are many different bug bounty platforms available, such as HackerOne, Bugcrowd, and Synack. Choose a platform that aligns with your interests and skill level, and create an account.

3. Familiarize yourself with the platform’s rules and policies: Before you start testing, make sure you understand the rules and policies of the platform you’re using. This will help ensure that you don’t accidentally violate any terms and conditions.

4. Select a target: Choose a target that you’re interested in testing, such as a website or application. Make sure it’s within the scope of the bug bounty program you’re participating in.

5. Start testing: Use a combination of manual and automated testing techniques to identify potential vulnerabilities. Some common testing techniques include scanning for open ports, fuzzing parameters, and testing for injection vulnerabilities.

6. Submit vulnerabilities: Once you’ve identified a vulnerability, submit it to the bug bounty program for verification and reward. Make sure to follow the platform’s guidelines for submitting vulnerabilities, and provide clear and detailed information about the issue.

7. Stay engaged: Participate in the bug bounty community, ask questions, and learn from other researchers. This will help you improve your skills and stay up to date with the latest trends and techniques in bug bounty hunting.

Top 10 Vulnerabilities

1. Injection: Injection flaws occur when untrusted data is passed to an interpreter as part of a command or query. This can lead to a range of attacks, such as SQL injection, OS command injection, and LDAP injection.

2. Broken Authentication and Session Management: This vulnerability arises when authentication and session management mechanisms are not implemented correctly, allowing attackers to compromise passwords, session tokens, or other credentials.

3. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS): XSS occurs when an attacker injects malicious code into a web page that is then executed by a victim’s browser. This can allow the attacker to steal sensitive data or perform other malicious actions.

4. Broken Access Control: This vulnerability arises when access controls are not properly enforced, allowing attackers to access unauthorized resources or perform unauthorized actions.

5. Security Misconfiguration: This vulnerability occurs when security settings are not configured properly, leading to exposure of sensitive data or other vulnerabilities.

6. Insecure Cryptographic Storage: This vulnerability arises when sensitive data is stored using weak or outdated encryption algorithms, or when encryption keys are not properly protected.

7. Insufficient Transport Layer Protection: This vulnerability arises when sensitive data is transmitted over unsecured channels, allowing attackers to intercept and access the data.

8. Insecure Communication: This vulnerability arises when communication between the server and the client is not properly secured, allowing attackers to intercept and modify data in transit.

9. Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities: This vulnerability arises when developers use third-party components that are known to be vulnerable, allowing attackers to exploit these vulnerabilities.

10. Insufficient Logging and Monitoring: This vulnerability arises when logs and monitoring are not properly implemented, making it difficult to detect and respond to security incidents.

Top 10 Tools for Bug Bounty

1. Burp Suite: An intercepting proxy tool used for web application security testing. It can be used to identify and exploit vulnerabilities, modify and replay web requests, and analyze responses.

2. OWASP ZAP: An open-source web application security scanner that can be used for manual and automated security testing. It includes features such as passive and active scanning, spidering, and a variety of vulnerability detection plugins.

3. Nmap: A network exploration and vulnerability scanning tool that can be used to identify open ports, discover services and operating systems, and perform vulnerability assessments.

4. Metasploit: A framework for developing, testing, and executing exploit code against remote targets. It includes a variety of pre-built exploits and payloads, as well as a scripting interface for custom exploit development.

5. Sqlmap: A tool for automated SQL injection and database takeover. It can identify and exploit SQL injection vulnerabilities in web applications and can be used to extract data and execute arbitrary commands on the database server.

6. Dirb: A web content scanner that can be used to discover hidden web pages and directories on a target website. It can be used to identify potential attack vectors and uncover sensitive information.

7. Sublist3r: A tool for enumerating subdomains of a target website. It can be used to identify additional attack surface and potential vulnerabilities in related services.

8. XSStrike: A tool for detecting and exploiting cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in web applications. It can be used to identify and execute malicious code in the context of a target user’s session.

9. Wfuzz: A tool for brute forcing web application parameters and directories. It can be used to identify potential vulnerabilities and bypass authentication mechanisms.

10. Shodan: A search engine for internet-connected devices that can be used to identify open ports and services on a target network. It can be used to identify potential attack vectors and vulnerable devices.

Top 20 Bug Bounty Programs

1. HackerOne – https://www.hackerone.com/

2. Bugcrowd – https://www.bugcrowd.com/

3. Synack – https://www.synack.com/

4. Cobalt – https://www.cobalt.io/

5. Intigriti – https://www.intigriti.com/

6. Zerocopter – https://www.zerocopter.com/

7. YesWeHack – https://www.yeswehack.com/

8. Detectify – https://www.detectify.com/

9. FireBounty – https://firebounty.com/

10. BountyFactory.io – https://bountyfactory.io/

11. Open Bug Bounty – https://www.openbugbounty.org/

12. HackenProof – https://hackenproof.com/

13. SafeHats – https://safehats.com/

14. BountySite – https://bountysite.com/

15. Bugbounty.jp – https://bugbounty.jp/

16. Hack The Box – https://www.hackthebox.eu/

17. CTF365 – https://ctf365.com/

18. Pentestify – https://www.pentestify.com/

19. WebSecurify – https://websecurify.com/

20. Bugsee – https://bugsee.com/

Follow us on Twitter: Hacktube5

Follow us on Youtube: Hacktube5

Leave a Reply